The online calculator was introduced to the applicants for UK Visas process. The Point based system helps to find out who eligible to work or study in the UK. The point-based system is to control immigration to the UK by different categories of applicants such as students, workers, trainees and investors. IF people want to gain visa then they should score minimum marks under this point- based system. While assigning points they will consider applicants age, experience and qualification and extra points may be added where there is a shortage of talent in a particular occupation This article will help you in givining complete information about the point based system and how points to be calculated for UK immigration.
What is the Point-based system?
The Point-based visa system main aim to migrate applicants from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) helps to enter into the United Kingdom. Therefore for the purpose of work, study, invests and train and they have separated applicants into five tires.
UK Immigration Point Based System
Applicants who want visa should be eligible for the five tires and must pass a points-based assessment. Each tier comes up with different conditions, license and entry requirements for people who are willing to live and work in the UK. Points are distributed based on the age, qualification, language, earnings, and funds with a different number of points that are useful for the five tiers.
How many Points required for Each Tier?
Depending on the tier the candidates have to allocate all the required points which change on which type of visa they are going to apply for. The required points may differ from each other.
Keeping age in mind they allocated 5 to 20 points. The system special rights for all the young applicants assess them with more points than those older.
Each candidate should score 10 points for English language ability. Nationals of countries where English is an official language obtain 10 points. Whereas, other national countries have to take a test to prove their English ability.
Some of the tiers judge education level from 30 to 50 points and when it comes to others their education level is from 5 to 15 points.
Earnings or Maintenance:
Earning or maintenance, are based on the tier candidates of financial means are assessed with 15 to 45 points of 5 to 20 points.
People who are staying in the United Kingdom are allotted with 5 Points.
Certificate of Sponsorship:
CoS is evaluated with 30 to 50 Points.
Tire 1 Visa
People who are from other European Union and the European Economic Area offer their capability and growth within the UK. Therefore, candidates do not need a job offer, but they should pass a points-based assessment. Thus, this tier is of three main routes. Check here for Immigration of America https://www.calculatoronly.com/point-calculator-for-american-immigration
Tier 1 Graduate Entrepreneur:
This is the path to permit the graduates who passed recently to open a business in the UK.
Tier 1 Entrepreneur:
This method will allow the migrant to start themselves in business within the UK.
Tier 1 Investor:
This is the best path for a person who wants to make an investment of at least $2,000,000 in the UK.
Tier 1 Exceptional Talent:
This is the way for persons who have extra talent in the field of expertise.
In some of the cases, the visa holder can bring their partners or children to the UK with them, but they need to show the proofs of sufficient funds provided for them.
Points Allocated for a visa in the Tier 1 category
People who are under Tier 1 have to score at least 95 points which includes at least 75 points.
|Under 28 years||20 Points|
|28 or 29 years||10 Points|
|30 or 31 years||5 points|
|32 years||0 Points|
|Master’s degree||35 Points|
|Bachelor’s degree||30 points|
|less than £20,000||0|
Applicant has a facility to gain more 25 points if they fulfill any of the following criteria:
|5 Points||If £16,000 or more of the candidates pervious earning for which points are claimed were earned in the UK,
Or the applicant who has completed his full time study in the UK for at least one full academic year,
Or has been awarded a qualification at bachelor’s degree level or above.
|10 Points||For English language proficiency|
|10 Points||Available funds who are overseas and have £2,800 in available funds or to all other applicants who are in the UK and above £800 in available funds.|
Nationals countries where English is not an official language, must take a test in order to prove their English.
National of these countries automatically gains 10 points for their English language ability
- Antigua & Barbuda
- The Bahamas
- New Zealand
- St Kitts & Nevis
- St Lucia
- St Vincent & the Grenadines
- Trinidad & Tobago
- United States of America
This category is only for the skilled workers, professional’s sports people, and clergy members who are from outside the EEA and came for the job offer to fill all the gaps within the UK labor force. This will include all the skilled workers who are transferred to the UK by an international company. Therefore you can see four tiers given below.
This path is for those migrants whose job offer within the UK for a medium-highly skilled employment.
This method will offer overseas companies to transfer medium or highly skilled staff, to the same company which is organized by the UK.
Ministers of Religion:
This route will apply to the migrants who have an important role to take employment within the UK in the company in the group of their religion.
Professional sports people:
This path is for those who apply for sports personnel and highly skilled coaches who wish to take up employment within the UK.
Points for Visa in the Tier 2 category
Tier 2 consists of 70 points, 10 points includes for maintenance and 10 for English and some of the points from the following:
|Bachelor’s or Master’s||10|
|Certificate of Sponsorship||Points|
|Offer of job in shortage Occupation||
|The offer of the job that passes Resident Labor Market Test||30|
|Intra Company Transfer||30|
|Competence in English||10|
This group is designed for low-skilled workers who are filling specific temporary labour shortages within the UK. But once the system began operating, then the British government decided that not to allow unskilled immigration from outside the EU and this was removed under the coalition.
This category is especially for students who are of 16 years above from outside the EEA and whose dream is to study in United Kingdom, in school, college, or university. Candidates who want to apply should register first in the UK educational establishment you can see two main tiers over here.
Students who are between 4-16 years wish to come to the UK and attend an independent school to continue their further study over there.
To study post who are of 16 years within the UK.
Points allocated for a visa in the Tier 4 category
In this tier, 4 students need to score 40 points those are classified and given below:
- 30points for those people who offered a full-time course with an approved education provider which is at least at a level 3 or above on the National Vocational Qualifications (NVQ) framework. Full-time course means a minimum of 15 hours of classroom study per week
- 10 Points are used for maintenance.
This group contains six sub-tiers consist of temporary workers, those who are creative, sporting and charity, religious workers and the youth mobility scheme of 55,000 young people who comes to work every year in the UK on working holidays.
Youth Mobility Scheme:
People who are participating to work temporary will become similar with the diversity in culture of the UK.
You can see a number of workers who fall into this category, which includes international agreement, sports and creativity, religious workers, charity workers and government authorized.
Tiers of 3 and 5 are temporary routes and migrants who have benefit from them will not be abe to switch out of them once in the UK. Tier 1, 2 and 4 are eligible to handle tiers those who subjects.
However, department will not allow students (Tier 4) or temporary worker (tier 5) who has given the permission to remain for less than 12 months in the UK.
Points that are allocated for Visa in the Tier 5 category
Under tier 5, temporary workers are allocated with 40 points those consists of:
- 30 points for a certificate of sponsorship from an overarching sponsor body, and
- 10 Points are allocated for maintenance.
Those who are youth mobility scheme must score 50 points and are consists of:
- 30 points are under nationality,
- 10 points are allocated for age (those who are of 18-30 years old).
- 10 points are for capacity to support oneself financially.